Like a thorn which falls into the hand of a drunkard, so is a proverb in the mouth of fools. Proverbs 26:9
A proverb is a similitude, parable, poem, sentences of ethical wisdom, an aphorism (a concise statement of a principle)
A person can do more harm to people, and also themselves, if they speak what they believe the meaning of a proverb is without understanding what God is saying.
Many people call this mis-interpretation. But this is referring to those who believe they know what God is saying, when in fact they do not. If you look up the word fools used here, the definition speaks of being stupid, a dullard, a simpleton, and arrogant.
Arrogant people are filled with pride. God warns against pride saying how destructive it can be and even calls it an abomination.
Everyone who is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; assuredly, he will not be unpunished. Proverbs 16:5
And the reason why is because those who are prideful and arrogant, never stop to ask God what He wants to say. Those who are prideful also never seek forgiveness for the wrong they have done, because they don’t want to admit their fault.
Leading someone in the wrong direction without seeking God’s wisdom can do much harm. Speaking God’s word without understanding can create division amongst the brethren; it can cause disputes and arguments.
Always seek the Lord’s wisdom before you speak and let love and truth prevail.